Martyr, died about 305. According to legend he was the son of a rich pagan, Eustorgius of Nicomedia and had been instructed in Christianity by his Christian mother, Eubula. Afterwards he became estranged from Christianity.

  He studied medicine and became physician to the Emperor Maximianus. At one point he abandoned his faith, and fell in with a worldly and idolatrous crowd. However, he was eventually overcome with grief, and with the help of the priest Hermolaus, he returned to the Church. Brought his father to the faith. Upon the death of his father he came into possession of a large fortune, gave his fortune to the poor, treated them medically, and never charged. Some of his cures were miraculous, being accomplished by prayer.

  Envious colleagues denounced him to the emperor during the Diocletian persecution. At trial he offered a contest to see whose prayers would cure the incurable - his or their pagan priests'. The pagans failed to help the man, a palsied paralytic, but Pantaleon cured the man by mentioning the name Jesus. Many of the witnesses converted.

  The emperor wished to save him and sought to persuade him to apostasy. Pantaleon, however, openly confessed his faith, and as proof that Christ is the true God, he healed a paralytic. Not with standing this,he was condemned to death by the emperor, who regarded the miracle as anexhibition of magic. According to legend, Pantaleon's flesh was firstburned with torches; upon this Christ appeared to all in the form of Hermolaus to strengthen and heal Pantaleon. The torches were extinguished.

  After this, when a bath of liquid lead was prepared, Christ in the same form stepped into the cauldron with him, the fire went out and the lead became cold. He was now thrown into the sea, but the stone with which hewas loaded floated. He was thrown to the wild beasts but these fawned upon him and could not be forced away until he had blessed them. He was bound on the wheel, but the ropes snapped, and the wheel broke. An attempt was made to behead him, but the sword bent , and the executioners were converted . Pantaleon implored heaven to forgive them, for which reason healso received the name of Panteleemon (the all-compassionate). It was notuntil he himself desired it that it was possible to behead him.

  Pantaleon is venerated in the East as a great martyr and wonder worker. In the Middle Ages he came to be regarded as the patron saint of physicians and midwives and became one of the fourteen guardian martyrs.

  From early times a phial containing some of his blood has been preserved at Constantinople. On the feast day of the saint the blood is said to become fluid and to bubble. Relics of the saints are to be found at St. Denis at Paris; his head is venerated at Lyons . His feast day is 27 July, also 28 July, and 18 February.
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